The Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) was adopted in May 2008 and entered into force in August 2010. Based on international humanitarian law, its structure is similar to the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention (APMBC), with provisions containing obligations on use, clearance, stockpile destruction, reporting, victim assistance and international cooperation.
The Convention opens with the words: ‘civilian populations and individual civilians continue to bear the brunt of armed conflict’. The purpose of the treaty is then stated: ‘to put an end for all time to the suffering and casualties caused by cluster munitions at the time of their use, when they fail to function as intended or when they are abandoned’.
The GICHD actively participates in the work of the Convention as an observer delegation at Meetings of the States Parties and the Intersessional Meetings. It also supports the implementation of the Convention by providing strategic, operational and information management advice to States Parties. The Centre assists the Executive Coordinator of the CCM President in organising the Intersessional Meetings.
During the Fourth Meeting of the States Parties to the Convention, the CCM President was mandated to negotiate, in consultation with the States Parties, an agreement on the hosting of an Implementation Support Unit (ISU CCM).
At the Fifth Meeting of the States Parties to the Convention in September 2014, a hosting agreement for the CCM Implementation Support Unit (ISU-CCM) was agreed upon between the States Parties and the GICHD, which came into effect in June 2015.
From September 7-11 2015, the First Review Conference of the CCM was held in Dubrovnik, Croatia. At the conference, the GICHD made two interventions:
Full a full list of the interventions made at the Conference, please consult the Website for the Convention on Cluster Munitions.