In certain situations, mine action can be included as part of a peace agreement. Mine action can also serve as an entry point for peace negotiations or as a confidence-building measure to prepare the ground for more far-reaching cooperation and a potential peace agreement.
However, peace processes are complex and involve a multiplicity of stakeholders, interests and initiatives. To date, the specific role that mine action can or should play in peace processes is not well documented, which makes it difficult to systematically assess and reflect on the interlinkages between the generally technical field of mine action and peace processes.
To better understand how mine action and peace mediation can interact, the Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining and the Swiss Peace Foundation (swisspeace) have initiated a research project. This project will investigate how mine action is integrated into ceasefire and peace agreements on the one hand, and how mine action contributes to the implementation of these agreements on the other hand.
The project is part of the greater GICHD strategy to integrate mine action into broader efforts for achieving human security.