Land rights in conflict and post-conflict contexts are an increasing area of concern. Conflict often causes dramatic changes to a country’s land tenure regime and administration, threatening land rights even after the conflict has ended. Women, internally displaced people (IDPs), returning refugees, migrants and farm labourers are especially vulnerable.
Reasons for this include:
Secure land rights are, therefore, a critical issue when it comes to humanitarian response, sustainable peace-building and longer-term economic recovery, particularly in countries where a significant proportion of the population relies on agriculture as their main source of livelihood. The situation can be even more complex in mine-affected countries, as mine/ERW contamination may cause land to be inaccessible for decades.
To ensure that mine action organisations can better address land issues as part of their programming, the GICHD publishes practical research and tools on the issue, and is collaborating with UN-HABITAT to provide practical support to mine action and armed violence reduction organisations on how to address land issues in a conflict-sensitive manner.
This support includes:
For further information, please contact