Ageing, unstable and surplus ammunition stockpiles pose the dual risk of illicit diversion and accidental
explosions, which aggravate and prolong conflict, maiming and killing thousands each year. Safe and
secure management of ammunition guards against diversion to illicit markets, including to non-state
armed groups and transnational criminal organisations, as well as against humanitarian disasters
resulting from explosions in ammunition storage areas.
Despite the efforts of the international community to minimise the risk and mitigate the hazard of
explosions in ammunition storage areas, they occur frequently with the potential for loss of life and
damage to property, livelihoods and the environment. Poor security facilitates the illicit proliferation of
ammunition for use in a conventional manner including being used as components of Improvised
Explosive Devices (IEDs).
To prevent and reduce the risk of these hazardous events occurring, it is vital that a system of safe and secure management is implemented and maintained. The GICHD, through Ammunition Management Advisory Team (AMAT) responds to the urgent need for practical, authoritative, sustainable technical support to States in the safe, secure and effective management of ammunition in accordance with the UN SaferGuard programme and the International Ammunition Technical Guidelines (IATG).