Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining

Ammunition Safety Management (ASM)

The standards required to achieve effective safe and secure management of ammunition are detailed in the International Ammunition Technical Guidelines (IATG). The IATG take into account the diversity in the capacity of States by utilising three levels of ascending complexity. These are known as Risk Reduction Process Levels (RRPL) - (LEVEL 1 (basic), LEVEL 2 (intermediate) and LEVEL3 (advanced)). The aim of a State should be to maintain stockpile management processes at RRPL 1 as a minimum - this willoften reduce risk significantly.

However, there will be times when a State cannot achieve RRPL Level 1 (due a recent conflict or a lack of suitable resources for example). For these situations, the GICHD developed an Ammunition Safety Management (ASM) methodology with corresponding toolsets and training packages, aiming at reducing the implementation gap between what is sometimes the 'reality on the ground', and the lowest IATG acceptable level of conduct (Risk Reduction Process Level 1). The ASM methodology is based on the IATG and other internationally recognised standards.

The ASM method increases ammunition safety and security following best practices in a step-by-step fashion. Besides stockpiles, it also considers the presence of abandoned and unexploded ordnance with the objective of significantly reducing explosive hazards to people, property and the environment and to minimise the risk of illicit ammunition proliferation.

The main elements of ASM are:

  • Assessment and development of safe and secure ammunition stockpile facilities including safe storage, surveillance, transport and disposal of ammunition
  • Introduction of an efficient management regime that incorporates best practice and procedures including maintenance of the ammunition in a safe and secure manner
  • Sustainment of the management regime and capacity development of technical personnel as future trainers

In an ammunition management regime, ASM can instill confidence in the procedures carried out in an ammunition storage area, ensuring compliance with applicable regulations and making sure that
activities are performed by suitably qualified individuals. For technical personnel, ASM ensures, through a regular inspection programme, that potentially dangerous ammunition is detected, segregated and disposed of before it can become a hazard. For policy makers, the ASM method is useful as an assisting road map of essential processes and activities towards IATG RRPL-1.

The ASM method is available as an app

A hard copy version will be available shortly.

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Physical security and stockpile management

The GICHD studies and communicates best practices in stockpile destruction, the effects of ammunition ageing and observes international conventions and guidelines that regulate the use and storage of explosive ordnance...

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Explosive ordnance disposal (EOD)

EOD involves the detection, identification, evaluation, render safe, recovery and disposal of explosive items...