EOD involves the detection, identification, evaluation, render safe, recovery and disposal of explosive items. In practice, EOD operations deal with mines, munitions and sub-munitions, artillery shells and mortar bombs, hand and rifle grenades, guided missiles, rockets and aircraft bombs among other items. Explosive ordnance is encountered in many circumstances including unexploded and abandoned ordnance (UXO & AXO) ammunition caches stockpiles of ammunition and as part of post-explosion clearance activity in and around ammunition storage areas.
Available physical destruction techniques range from open burning and open detonation (OBOD) techniques through to highly sophisticated industrial processes. These include:
- closed burning
- contained detonation
- manual disassembly
- mechanical disassembly and breakdown
- robotic disassembly
- hydro-abrasive cutting
- water jet washout
- microwave explosive melt-out
The Ammunition Management Advisory Team (AMAT) can provide independent advisory services to governments, national authorities and partner agencies on issues relating to explosive ordnance disposal where stockpile reduction is concerned. This includes, but is not limited to: International Ammunition Technical Guidelines (IATG), ammunition safety management (ASM) and detailed technical information for the identification, disposal, safety, storage and processing of explosives and transport of ordnance. Assistance can be provided to national authorities including training & identifying and resolving technical, logistical and operational issues involved in EOD stockpile destruction. AMAT also conducts post-explosion assessments through the UNSaferGuard IATG expert system.