At the heart of the global mine action approach is the principle that ultimate responsibility for the landmine and explosive remnants of war (ERW) problem rests with the State under whose jurisdiction the contamination exists. Given the low levels of national ownership in many States Parties to the APMBC however, the Cartagena Action Plan Action #16 called on mine-affected States Parties to “take full national ownership of their Article 5 obligations by developing, implementing and regularly reviewing national mine action strategies and associated policies, plans, budget policies and legal frameworks...” While a number of countries have national mine action strategies in place, the quality of these vary considerably, and the capacity to plan strategically is generally very limited.
The importance of sound national mine action strategies has long been recognised, yet there is still limited documentation of good practices, lessons learnt and little practical guidance on the topic.
The GICHD has been involved in strategic planning processes in a number of mine-/ERW-affected countries, including Afghanistan, Bosnia, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Tajikistan and Zimbabwe. In response to the limited guidance on the topic of strategic planning, the GICHD started the strategic planning project during the second half of 2012. The project highlights and documents key challenges, good practices and lessons learnt in strategic planning processes through country case studies, in six mine action programmes :
Based on key findings from the six country case studies, the GICHD drafted the :
Guide and Quick Start Guides to Strategic Planning in Mine Action
During the Third Review Conference of the Anti-Personnel Mine ban Convention in Maputo, the GICHD organised the side event:
Effective national mine action strategies: Launch of the GICHD guide to strategic planning in mine action