The Royal Thai Government recognizes that landmines and UXO are a major obstacle to development and economic growth in rural border communities. The Royal Thai Army and Navy have been conducting demining operations in areas along the borders since 1987. In August 1998, the Office of the Prime Minister of Thailand issued an Order No. 151/1998 forming the National Mine Action Committee (NMAC), chaired by the Prime Minister and comprising all major government ministries and departments, to develop policies and to monitor the obligations set forth by the treaty, including:
1. Implementation of the law prohibiting the use of anti-personnel landmines;
2. Implementation of demining operations and mine risk education (MRE);
3. Establishing the minimum quantity of anti-personnel landmines to remain in Thailand for education and demining purposes, and the destruction of all anti-personnel landmine stocks in excess of this established minimum; and
4. Implementation of the landmine victim assistance activities.