Explosive remnants of war (ERW), mines, small arms and light weapons (SALW) and their ammunition often threaten civilians in conflict and post-conflict contexts. Their simultaneous presence suggests that effective protection for the civilian population requires that mine action, SALW control, and ammunition safety responses should all be considered in the design of an effective response.
A narrow focus on only one weapon category or aspect is unlikely to deliver comprehensive safety and security. At the same time, weapon category specific approaches are required as, unlike mines and ERW, all SALW will most often not be removed and implementation has to focus on adequate and effective control practices.
Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD)