SSMA is becoming a key consideration of the international community at various levels, from the normative to the technical. International support has stepped up to strengthen national efforts. These are highly positive developments in recent years. However, major bottlenecks persist, particularly in view of more effective and sustainable SSMA. Greater awareness around the risks stemming from inadequate ammunition management should be a priority, along with communicating available expertise and instilling national responsibility in risk-mitigation measures.