Gichd
Publication date
January 2016

Organization of American States Mine Action Program

 

Mine Risk Awareness and Preventive Education in Nicaragua

Seminar Report Managua, Nicaragua 25 - 27 April 2001

 

“A Single Voice”

• Sponsors: UNICEF, OAS and Nicaraguan

Government

 

• Objective: Coordinate mine risk awareness and

preventive education activities being conducted by diverse groups and organizations.

 

• Methodology: Discussion groups

 

OAS Mine Action

 

Geneva Intersessional May 2001

 

1

 

Participants

• Ministry of Defense • • • • • •

(National Demining Commission chair) Ministry of Health Ministry of Education Nicaraguan Army Pan American Health Organization UNICEF OAS Mine Action Program

 

• Nicaraguan Red Cross • Christian Medical Action • Nicaraguan Coalition for • • •

Humanitarian Demining Center for Strategic Studies of Nicaragua Joint Commission of Disabled Persons of Madriz Center for International Studies

 

OAS Mine Action

 

Geneva Intersessional May 2001

 

Significance

 

Coordination and consolidation of mine awareness and preventive education efforts by diverse groups since origins of Nicaraguan mine action program in 1993

 

OAS Mine Action

 

Geneva Intersessional May 2001

 

2

 

IMSMA Integration

Inputs

 

• Military minefield reporting • Affected communities data • Victim data

ANALYSIS

 

Outputs (Graphical depictions)

 

• Patterns • Severity

OAS Mine Action Geneva Intersessional May 2001

 

Mine Victim Data Base in Nicaragua

Source: IMSMA-OAS

 

3

 

Mine Victim Demographics

Status

Military Civilian Total Male Female Total 35 1 36 261 15 276 295 16 311 % 12 89 100

 

Age

1 - 15 16 - 31 12 4%

OAS Mine Action

 

32 - 47 144 46%

 

48 - 63 36 12%

 

64 & ↑ 11 4%

 

Unk 5 2%

 

Total 311 100%

 

103 33%

 

Source: IMSMA-OAS

 

Geneva Intersessional May 2001

 

Causes - Mine Accidents

Activity / Cause Gathering water / food or hunting Agriculture Tending cattle Household chores Playing Incorrect handling of mine Traveling Gathering firewood Other

Source: IMSMA-OAS

OAS Mine Action Geneva Intersessional May 2001

 

Number of Accidents 7 68 21 6 12 44 90 12 51

 

% 2 22 7 2 4 14 29 4 16

 

4

 

Outcomes - Recommendations

• Incorporate data on mine-affected communities into IMSMA • Establish rapid response capability to react to information • • • • •

provided by communities. Enhance information exchange among all sectors. Organize local and regional demining commissions. Incorporate community inputs to demining policy-making and prioritization processes. Increase number and capabilities of military demining units. Develop campaigns emphasizing need for communities to inform authorities about mine hazards.

 

OAS Mine Action

 

Geneva Intersessional May 2001

 

Outcomes - Recommendations

• Recognize all groups involved in preventive education. • Enlist support of private enterprise, communications • • • • •

media and other organizations. Facilitate development of two-year campaign plan. Propose weekly publication of information about mine action activities and initiatives. Ensure participation of mine victims and their organizations in development of demining policy and mine awareness education. Organize national dialogue on victim assistance and rehabilitation programs. Develop a social communication strategy.

Geneva Intersessional May 2001

 

OAS Mine Action

 

5

 

Outcomes - Commitments

• Guidelines for mine accident prevention messages that • • • •

reinforce that only Nicaraguan Army personnel are capable of demining. Establish message validation mechanisms including participation by target groups and mine-affected communities. Design messages based on international guidelines and withdraw non-conforming materials. Include follow-up and evaluation procedures in campaigns. Develop a corporate identity among mine action organizations.

Geneva Intersessional May 2001

 

OAS Mine Action

 

Outcomes - Commitments

• Conduct campaigns emphasizing illegality of mine • • • • •

possession. Develop mine awareness activities based on diagnostic of direct and indirect effects caused by presence of mines. Provide information for inclusion in IMSMA and disseminate available information. Disseminate information about Ottawa Convention. Establish mine hazard reporting “hot line.” Support efforts to mobilize civil society organizations with regard to mine action.

Geneva Intersessional May 2001

 

OAS Mine Action

 

6

 

Conclusions

• Integration of current efforts in

preventive education

 

• Integration of national and international

resources in cooperation with the National Demining Commission

 

• Integration of multiple data bases to

support preventive education

 

• Consensual agreement on the way ahead

OAS Mine Action Geneva Intersessional May 2001

 

7

 

Source
ITEP webstie (archive)

Record updated on : 01 March 2015
Record id : 824