In certain situations, mine action can be included as part of a peace agreement. Mine action can also serve as an entry point for peace negotiations or as a confidence-building measure to prepare the ground for more far-reaching cooperation and a potential peace agreement.

Peace processes are complex and involve a multiplicity of stakeholders, interests and initiatives. The role that mine action can or should play in peace processes is not well documented. This makes it difficult to assess and reflect on the interlinkages between the technical field of mine action and peace processes.

To better understand how mine action and peace mediation can interact, the GICHD and the Swiss Peace Foundation (swisspeace) conducted a study investigating how mine action is integrated into ceasefire and peace agreements. The study also looks into how mine action contributes to the implementation of these agreements.

The project is part of the greater GICHD strategy to integrate mine action into broader efforts for achieving human security.