Mine action organisations implement a wide variety of socio-economic surveys, used to inform non-technical and technical survey and clearance, victim assistance, risk education and development activities. Also, as donors are starting to demand greater development outcomes, mine action organisations are using socio-economic surveys to determine the impact of mine and explosive remnants of war (ERW) contamination on affected women, girls, boys and men, and the specific benefits that mine action brings to them.

By collecting socio-economic, sex and age disaggregated data, operators can ensure that their activities respond to actual needs and priorities, thereby contributing to human security and strengthened livelihoods.

Landmines and livelihoods

GICHD’s landmines and livelihoods reports help better understand both the problems created by landmines and ERW and the benefits stemming from mine action.

They are based on studies that adopt the Sustainable Livelihoods Approach - a methodology that is particularly advantageous for survey and clearance operations leading to the release of safe land to communities. Landmines and other ERW not only kill and maim innocent civilians, they also block access to the physical and natural assets that rural households depend upon. The Sustainable Livelihoods Approach provides an excellent model for analysing how explosives contamination creates insecurity, deepens poverty, and constrains development and how mine action facilitates socio-economic recovery and development.

Landmines and livelihoods surveys include key components on gender and diversity; they also focus on national capacity development, to ensure that future surveys can be implemented without extensive involvement from international experts. The Afghanistan mine action programme is a great example: several gender and diversity recommendations were pursued and it successfully and independently implemented the third landmines and livelihoods survey in 2012.

GICHD contribution

The GICHD supports mine-affected countries' efforts to link mine action with socio-economic recovery by:

  • providing training on socio-economic surveys
  • designing and implementing surveys
  • analysing data and drafting reports
  • assessing socio-economic surveys and providing recommendations

GICHD reports on Landmines and Livelihoods

Landmines and Livelihoods in Afghanistan: Evaluating the Benefits of Mine Action

Livelihoods Analysis of Landmine/ERW Affected Communities- Third Survey : Badakhshan Province, Afghanistan, 2012

Livelihoods Analysis of Landmine/ERW Affected Communities in Herat Province, Afghanistan, 2011

Livelihoods Analysis of Landmine Affected Communities in Afghanistan, 2010

The Departure of the Devil, Yemen, 2006

Safety, security and socio-economic wellbeing

In 2013, the GICHD, in collaboration with the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) and the Danish Demining Group (DDG), conducted a study on Safety, Security and Socio-Economic Wellbeing in Somaliland, focusing on DDG’s Community Safety Programme in that country.

A second survey in collaboration with Danish Refugee Council (DRC)/Danish Demining Group (DDG) on Community Safety, Livelihoods and Socio-economic Development was undertaken in the Karamoja region of north-eastern Uganda in December 2014.