The Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention was adopted on 18 September 1997 and entered into force on 1 March 1999. The Convention has a clear humanitarian goal – it seeks to put an end to the suffering caused by anti-personnel mines. To achieve this, the Convention is comprehensive in prohibiting the use, stockpiling, production and transfer of anti-personnel mines and calling for the destruction of all stockpiles, the clearance of all mined areas and assistance for landmine victims.

Text of the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-personnel Mines and on Their Destruction

Signing of the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention
Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention logo

The GICHD has a long relationship with the  Convention; at  its signing ceremony in Ottawa in December 1997, Switzerland announced that it would establish an international centre for humanitarian demining in order "to facilitate cooperation between specialists, (to) gather practical information and (to) propose new methods and techniques of mine-clearing." Not long after the Convention entered into force, the GICHD began actively supporting the implementation of the Convention, and providing the necessary organisation and venue for the Intersessional Work Programme established in 1999.

In 2001, the GICHD's support to the Convention reached a new level when the States Parties formally mandated the Centre to establish the Convention's Implementation Support Unit (ISU). An Agreement between the States Parties and the GICHD on the implementation support for the Convention was signed on 7 November 2001. This agreement was revised in 2010 following a comprehensive evaluation of the ISU.

In addition to providing implementation support to the Convention and its States Parties, the GICHD actively participates in the work of the Convention as an observer delegation at all of its formal and informal meetings. The GICHD also supports the implementation of the Convention by providing strategic, operational and information management advice to States Parties.