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Ammunition Management in Peru

Since 2019, GICHD’s Ammunition Management Advisory Team (AMAT) has been working with the national authorities in Peru to strengthen ammunition management systems and implement the International Ammunition Management Guidelines (IATG) across their armed forces.  Through this work bringing the IATG to life on the ground in ammunition storage areas across the country, Peru is taking concrete steps to protect its people.  The progress already made strongly positions Peru to be an example for its region and beyond. 

Video: the IATG at Peru’s CEMUNE Ammunition Depot

Located 230km from Lima, CEMUNE is one of Peru's largest ammunition depots. It is at the centre of the nation's efforts to improve their ammunition management systems.

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The effects of poor ammunition management increase risks of accidents that affect the population. Work needed to start with the right process in the field in order to eventually improve our standards. The IATG can bring this guidance – the steps that allow us to have good management.

Gen. Aldo Dominguez Peralta Head of Depot Maintenance of Aviation, Peruvian Army

Why Ammunition Management?

Accidental explosions of poorly managed munitions sites often result in high numbers of people killed, injured or displaced. More than a hundred countries faced such incidents since 1979, often with severe humanitarian and socio-economic consequences. As a result of inadequate stockpile management practices, substantial amounts of ammunition find their way to illicit markets through theft, corruption, pilferage and resale. In many cases, diversion from ammunition stockpiles has intensified and prolonged armed conflict and violence. Diverted ammunition may also be used to manufacture improvised explosive devices (IEDs). 

Last year, I was in charge of the ordnance battalion. In this capacity, I was able to translate into practice a lot of the knowledge acquired during the IATG-introductory course delivered by AMAT-GICHD to the Peruvian Army. This includes being able to reorganise an ammunition depot under my responsibility following the compatibility rules.

Lieutenant Colonel Nilo Sanchez Peruvian Army

The objective of this high-level seminar is to gather all the relevant institutions and let them be the starting point for the next steps, which would be the development of national standards.

Karina Hinojosa Legal expert, AMAT, GICHD

About Ammunition Management in the GICHD

In recent years, efforts have been dedicated to strengthening national ammunition management practices. At the policy level, ammunition-related issues are ever more discussed at global and regional fora, creating a conducive environment for countries to engage more openly in this area. The scale of requests for assistance – and the number of stakeholders involved – has augmented as a result. Against this backdrop, donors and affected States alike would benefit from a mechanism facilitating the provision of more effective and sustainable assistance.

In 2018, the GICHD and UN Office for Disarmament Affairs (UNODA) jointly proposed the establishment of such a mechanism in the shape of a Geneva-based Ammunition Management Advisory Team (henceforth: AMAT). The AMAT mechanism assists States in managing ammunition safely and securely, grounded in the globally recognised International Ammunition Technical Guidelines (IATG). AMAT contributes directly to the GICHD 2019-2022 strategy’s outcome; “ammunition is managed by States according to good practice”, as well as being a concrete activity within UN Secretary-General’s Disarmament Agenda (2018; Action 22).

I would like Peru to be the model for IATG implementation in the region. We hope to make other armies and countries see the work being done here in Peru.

Gen. Abraham Sanchez Baez  Former Head of War Materials Service, Peruvian Army