Our response - Photo: © GICHD



IEDs cause more civilian casualties globally than commercially manufactured landmines and account for nearly half of all casualties from explosive incidents. Enduring post-conflict IED contamination creates an environment of sustained insecurity and hinders recovery.

The GICHD has developed an IED Clearance Good Practice Guide with the aim of sharing information across the mine action sector to assist in safe, effective and efficient IED search and disposal activities as part of a broader IED clearance process. The guide provides technical content related to specific techniques and procedures but is not intended to replace training or technical publications supplied by equipment providers. This guide is intended to be used to inform the development of National Mine Action Standards (NMAS) and organisational level Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs), including staff training and policy related to IEDs.




CHAPTER 1 – Introduction to IEDs in mine action 

General description of IED clearance, high-level IED tactics, and the use of threat assessment to provide confidence in decision-making.

Audience: staff involved in the management of IED clearance operations.


CHAPTER 2 – IED search

Guidance on IED search activities as part of a mine action IED clearance process: principles described in IMAS 09.13 for Building Clearance; search-related training, planning and information gathering; threat assessment; collective and individual techniques and procedures to detect and locate IEDs in both urban and rural environments.

Audience: staff involved in the management of search activities related to the clearance of IEDs.

Annex C1 Non-technical survey form

Annex C2 Threat assessment form

Annex C3 Risk assessment form

Annex C4 Clearance plan form


CHAPTER 3 – IED disposal

Guidance on IED disposal (IEDD) as an activity within an mine action clearance process: IEDD principles, mandatory actions and conventions as described in IMAS 09.31 on IEDD; detailed IED tactics of armed groups; IEDD planning and task conduct; IEDD operator techniques and procedures that are internationally recognised as ‘good practice’.

Audience: staff involved in the management of disposal activities related to the clearance of IED contamination.

CHAPTER 4 – IED Indicators and Ground Sign Awareness Handbook

و آگاهی نشانه زمین IED کتاب راهنما شاخص های

Chapitre 4 : Manuel de sensibilisation aux indices au sol et indicateurs d'EEI 


Guidance on the use of indicators and signs to assist in the identification of IEDs and other EO during survey and clearance. It should also inform explosive ordnance risk education practitioners in the development of methodologies, approaches and tools that are specific to environments contaminated with IEDs and other EO.

Audience: staff involved in the management of disposal activities related to survey and the clearance of IED contamination, as well as by explosive ordnance risk education practitioners.


ANNEX I - Risk management | Safety distances in urban environments